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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 22

of 'Diaper dermatitis'

Diaper dermatitis: a survey of risk factors for children aged 1-24 months in China.
Li CH, Zhu ZH, Dai YH
J Int Med Res. 2012;40(5):1752-60.
OBJECTIVES: To measure the prevalence of diaper dermatitis and identify risk factors relating to diaper dermatitis in Chinese children aged 1-24 months.
METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study that used structured questionnaires during face-to-face interviews with parents to determine the risk factors associated with diaper dermatitis. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to test the association between diaper dermatitis and 15 potential risk factors.
RESULTS: A total of 43.8% (454/1036) of infants in the study had experienced diaper dermatitis in the 6 weeks prior to enrolment. Multivariate logistic regression analyses showed that the risk of diaper dermatitis was significantly decreased by solid foods (eggs), home location (urban) and frequency of diaper changing (≥6 changes/day), whereas the risk was increased by diarrhoea.
CONCLUSIONS: Diarrhoea was a major risk factor for diaper dermatitis. Confirmation of the risk factors could lead to better understanding of the aetiology of diaper dermatitis and to new prevention strategies in Chinese infants.
Graduate School, Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China.