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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 68

of 'Developmental dysplasia of the hip: Treatment and outcome'

Closed reduction with traction for developmental dysplasia of the hip in children aged between one and five years.
Rampal V, Sabourin M, Erdeneshoo E, Koureas G, Seringe R, Wicart P
J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2008;90(7):858.
The treatment of developmental dysplasia of the hip diagnosed after the first year of life remains controversial. A series of 36 children (47 hips), aged between one and 4.9 years underwent gradual closed reduction using the Petit-Morel method. A pelvic osteotomy was required in 43 hips (91.5%). The patients whose hips did not require pelvic osteotomy were among the youngest. The mean age at final follow-up was 16.1 years (11.3 to 32). The mean follow-up was 14.3 years (10 to 30). At the latest follow-up, 44 hips (93.6%) were graded as excellent or good according to the Severin classification. Closed reduction failed in only two hips (4.3%) which then required open reduction. Mild avascular necrosis was observed in one (2.1%). The accuracy of the reduction and associated low complication rate justify the use of the Petit-Morel technique as the treatment of choice for developmental dysplasia of the hip in patients aged between one and five years.
Service d'Orthopedie, Pédiatrique, Hopital Saint Vincent-de-Paul, 74-82 Avenue Denfert, Rochereau, 75014 Paris, France.