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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 20

of 'Developmental dysplasia of the hip: Treatment and outcome'

The predictability of acetabular development after closed reduction for congenital dislocation of the hip.
Brougham DI, Broughton NS, Cole WG, Menelaus MB
J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1988;70(5):733.
We have reviewed the serial radiographs of 63 hips in 53 children treated by closed reduction for congenital dislocation with a view to finding a radiological measurement which can predict subsequent acetabular development. All had been followed for more than seven years, and at latest review, 34 hips were dysplastic. Failure to obtain concentric reduction or its loss by migration of the femoral head within one year of reduction were the best predictors of persisting acetabular dysplasia and were best quantitated by the h/b ratio (Smith et al. 1968). The acetabular index at reduction or its decrease in the first year were not reliable predictors. Late treatment was less likely to lead to normal acetabular development, but avascular necrosis did not appear to have a significant influence. The average age at which the acetabulum stopped developing was five years, but ranged from 17 months to eight years. The failure of a dysplastic acetabulum to improve in each annual radiograph after closed reduction should lead to consideration of operation on the acetabulum.
Department of Orthopaedics, Royal Children's Hospital, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.