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Medline ® Abstracts for References 4-7

of 'Date rape: Risk factors and prevention'

4
 
 
Rickert VI, Ryan O, Chacko M. Sexual assault and victimization. In: Adolescent Health Care: A practical guide, 5th ed, Neinstein LS, Gordon C, Katzman D, et al (Eds), Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia 2008. p.1042.
 
no abstract available
5
 
 
Bureau of Justice Statistics. Violence against women: Estimates from the redesigned survey. http://bjs.ojp.usdoj.gov/content/pub/pdf/FEMVIED.PDF (Accessed on April 27, 2011).
 
no abstract available
6
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When Granny Is the Wolf: Understanding and Approaching College-aged Female Victims of Acquaintance Rape.
AU
Lam C, Roman B
SO
Psychiatry (Edgmont). 2009;6(8):18.
 
College is generally felt to be an exciting time in the lives of young people; however, some college-aged students find themselves in difficult situations. For young women especially, acquaintance rape in the college years is a risk. While men can also be victims of sexual assault, it is far more common for women to be victimized. This article reviews the literature of acquaintance rape, including situational risk factors, perpetrator characteristics, and victim characteristics, as well as strategies to prevent revictimization, utilizing a female victim as the composite case.
AD
Ms. Lam is a fifth-year MD/MPH student.
PMID
7
TI
Date rape among adolescents and young adults.
AU
Rickert VI, Wiemann CM
SO
J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol. 1998;11(4):167.
 
BACKGROUND: Adolescents and young adults are four times more likely to be victims of sexual assault than women in all other age groups. In the vast majority of these cases, the perpetrator is an acquaintance of the victim. Date rape is a subset of acquaintance rape where nonconsensual sex occurs between two people who are in a romantic relationship.
METHODS: We conducted a MEDLINE and Current Concepts search for articles relating to date rape and then systematically reviewed all relevant articles.
RESULTS: Lifetime prevalence of date or acquaintance rape ranges from 13% to 27% among college-age women and 20% to a high of 68% among adolescents. Demographic characteristics that increase vulnerability to date rape include younger age at first date, early sexual activity, earlier age of menarche, a past history of sexual abuse or prior sexual victimization, and being more accepting of rape myths and violence toward women. Other risk factors include date-specific behaviors such as who initiated, who paid expenses, who drove, date location and activity, as well as the use of alcohol or illicit drugs such as flunitrazepam (Rohypnol). Alcohol use that occurs within the context of the date can lead to: the misinterpretation of friendly cues as sexual invitations, diminished coping responses, and the female's inability to ward off a potential attack.
CONCLUSIONS: Longitudinal research designs are needed to further our understanding of sexual violence among adolescents and young adults and the most effective ways to eliminate it. Understanding and comparing research findings would be easier if consensus regarding the definitions of date rape, sexual aggression, and sexual assault was obtained. Finally, primary and secondary date and acquaintance rape prevention programs must be developed and systematically evaluated.
AD
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston 77555-0587, USA.
PMID