Medline ® Abstract for Reference 99
of 'Cutaneous side effects of conventional chemotherapy agents'
Skin toxicity associated with pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (40 mg/m2) in the treatment of gynecologic cancers.
Kim RJ, Peterson G, Kulp B, Zanotti KM, Markman M
Gynecol Oncol. 2005;97(2):374.
OBJECTIVES: To characterize the incidence of skin toxicity of pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD) administered at a lower dose (40 mg/m(2)) in the treatment of advanced gynecologic malignancies.
METHODS: Medical charts of all patients who initiated PLD at a starting dose of 40 mg/m(2) from 1997 to 2003 for the treatment of gynecologic cancers were retrospectively reviewed. PLD was infused over 1-2 h and administered every 4-6 weeks. No patient had previously received doxorubicin. All patients were clinically assessed for adverse reactions including skin toxicity.
RESULTS: Ninety patients (mean age 62 years, range 45-82 years) were included in this analysis. There were 55 ovarian, 16 endometrial, 2 fallopian, and 17 primary peritoneal cancers. The median cumulative dose of PLD was 120 mg/m(2) (range 40-855 mg/m(2)) with a median of 3 cycles (range 1-25). 33/90 (37%) developed a skin reaction during therapy. The overall incidence of grade 1, 2, and 3 skin toxicity was 23 (26%), 9 (10%), and 1 (1%), respectively. Of the 23 cases of grade 1 toxicity, 16 (70%) occurred within 1-3 cycles. All 9 cases of grade 2 toxicity occurred within 1-3 cycles. The only case of grade 3 toxicity occurred after the first cycle. 28/30 (93%) patients who continued treatment did not experience further episodes of skin toxicity with subsequent cycles after a dose reduction (5-20 mg/m(2)). PLD was stopped in only 2/90 (2%) cases due to a skin reaction.
CONCLUSIONS: Severe skin toxicity (>or =grade 2) associated with PLD occurs infrequently when initial doses of 40 mg/m(2) are administered. When skin reactions appear, they usually occur early in the course of treatment, respond to dose reduction, and do not appear to limit the duration of treatment.
Department of Gynecology/Obstetrics, Gynecologic Oncology Program, Taussig Cancer Center, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Desk A81, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA. email@example.com