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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 155

of 'Cutaneous side effects of conventional chemotherapy agents'

Leg ulcers associated with long-term hydroxyurea therapy.
Weinlich G, Schuler G, Greil R, Kofler H, Fritsch P
J Am Acad Dermatol. 1998;39(2 Pt 2):372.
Hydroxyurea is commonly used in the treatment of various hematologic disorders, e.g., chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML), polycythemia vera, and occasionally, at lower doses, for severe psoriasis vulgaris. Cutaneous side effects such as alopecia, diffuse hyperpigmentation, poikiloderma, atrophy of the skin, or nail changes occur, especially with long-term treatment. Painful leg ulcers in association with hydroxyurea have only rarely been reported. We describe 2 patients who developed spontaneous painful leg ulcers during long-term hydroxyurea therapy for a myeloproliferative disorder; these ulcers healed only after hydroxyurea was withdrawn.
Department of Dermatology, University of Innsbruck, Austria.