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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 118

of 'Cutaneous side effects of conventional chemotherapy agents'

Prevention strategies for chemotherapy-induced hand-foot syndrome: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective randomised trials.
Macedo LT, Lima JP, dos Santos LV, Sasse AD
Support Care Cancer. 2014 Jun;22(6):1585-93. Epub 2014 Jan 26.
PURPOSE: Hand-foot syndrome (HSF) is a distinctive adverse event relatively frequent to some chemotherapeutic agents as capecitabine, pegylated liposomal doxorubicin, sorafenib and other tyrosine-kinase inhibitors. Since the prevention of HFS would be crucial to avoid treatment interruptions and delays, many studies have been conducted with this purpose.
METHODS: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to analyze the clinical efficacy of prevention strategies for HFS, through a wide search of electronic databases as well as congress abstracts. The endpoints evaluated were the dichotomic data for mild (Grade 1), moderate to severe (Grades 2 to 3) and all-grade HFS. Meta-analysis was calculated through RevMan v5.1 software.
RESULTS: Amongst 295 studies identified, only ten met the inclusion criteria. Celecoxib prevented both moderate to severe (odds ratio [OR]0.39, 95 % confidence interval [CI]0.20-0.73, P = 0.003) and all-grade HFS (OR 0.47, 95 % CI0.29-0.78, P = 0.003), whereas pyridoxine and topical urea/lactic acid formulations failed to prove efficacy. There were no proven benefits in mild HFS. The use of topical antiperspirant has not been shown to improve results, according to a single trial.
CONCLUSIONS: From all available possibilities for the prevention of HFS, celecoxib appears to be the most promising, with statistically significant results. Larger, multicentric studies are required to reinforce this finding.
Clinical Oncology Division, General Hospital, State University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Vital Brasil, 251 - Cidade Universitária, 13083000, Campinas, Brazil, ligiamed@gmail.com.