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Contralateral prophylactic mastectomy

Author
Anees B Chagpar, MD, MSc, MA, MPH, MBA, FACS, FRCS(C)
Section Editor
Russell S Berman, MD
Deputy Editor
Sadhna R Vora, MD

INTRODUCTION

A contralateral prophylactic mastectomy (CPM) is a risk reducing mastectomy performed in the clinical setting for the patient diagnosed with an invasive or a noninvasive breast cancer. While there is no clear survival benefit for most breast cancer patients who do not carry a deleterious BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation [1-3], the rates of performing a CPM have increased over the last several years [4,5].

The risk of a contralateral breast cancer, the decision making process to undergo a CPM, and outcomes will be reviewed in this topic. Management of patients with invasive and noninvasive breast cancer, with and without an inherited genetic mutation, is reviewed separately and includes:

(See "Overview of the treatment of newly diagnosed, non-metastatic breast cancer".)

(See "Ductal carcinoma in situ: Treatment and prognosis".)

(See "Treatment protocols for breast cancer".)

              

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Literature review current through: Nov 2016. | This topic last updated: Wed Dec 03 00:00:00 GMT+00:00 2014.
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