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Congenital anomalies of the nose

Glenn C Isaacson, MD, FAAP
Section Editor
Anna H Messner, MD
Deputy Editor
Carrie Armsby, MD, MPH


Congenital anomalies are the product of errors in embryogenesis (malformations) or the result of intrauterine events that affect embryonic and fetal growth (deformations and disruptions) [1]. The more complex the formation of a structure, the more opportunities for malformation.

Defects in the formation and growth of the midface lead to a variety of malformations. The embryology, clinical features, and management of congenital anomalies of the nose are reviewed here. Other congenital anomalies (including those of the ear and upper respiratory tract) and the approach to congenital malformations more broadly are discussed separately:

(See "Approach to congenital malformations".)

(See "Congenital anomalies of the ear".)

(See "Congenital anomalies of the jaw, mouth, oral cavity, and pharynx".)


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Literature review current through: Sep 2016. | This topic last updated: May 4, 2016.
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