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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 38

of 'Complications of abdominal surgical incisions'

Finding the best abdominal closure: an evidence-based review of the literature.
Ceydeli A, Rucinski J, Wise L
Curr Surg. 2005;62(2):220.
BACKGROUND: Despite advances in surgical technique and materials, abdominal fascial closure has remained a procedure that often reflects a surgeon's personal preference with a reliance on tradition and anecdotal experience. The value of a particular abdominal fascial closure technique may be measured by the incidence of early and late wound complications, and the best abdominal closure technique should be fast, easy, and cost-effective, while preventing both early and late complications. This study addresses the closure of the vertical midline laparotomy incision.
DATA SOURCES: A MEDLINE (National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, Maryland) search was performed. All articles related to abdominal fascia closure published from 1966 to 2003 were included in the review.
CONCLUSIONS: Careful analysis of the current surgical literature, including 4 recently published meta-analyses, indicates that a consistent conclusion can be made regarding an optimal technique. That technique involves mass closure, incorporating all of the layers of the abdominal wall (except skin) as 1 structure, in a simple running technique, using #1 or #2 absorbable monofilament suture material with a suture length to wound length ratio of 4 to 1.
Department of Surgery, Weill Medical College of Cornell University and New York Methodist Hospital, Brooklyn, NY 11215, USA. adilc@excite.com