Medline ® Abstract for Reference 169
of 'Complementary and alternative therapies for cancer'
Investigation of standard care versus sham Reiki placebo versus actual Reiki therapy to enhance comfort and well-being in a chemotherapy infusion center.
Catlin A, Taylor-Ford RL
Oncol Nurs Forum. 2011;38(3):E212.
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To determine whether provision of Reiki therapy during outpatient chemotherapy is associated with increased comfort and well-being.
DESIGN: Double-blind, randomized clinical controlled trial.
SETTING: Outpatient chemotherapy center.
SAMPLE: 189 participants were randomized to actual Reiki, sham Reiki placebo, or standard care.
METHODS: Patients receiving chemotherapy were randomly placed into one of three groups. Patients received either standard care, a placebo, or an actual Reiki therapy treatment. A demographic tool and pre- and post-tests were given before and after chemotherapy infusion.
MAIN RESEARCH VARIABLES: Reiki therapy, sham Reiki placebo therapy, standard care, and self-reported levels of comfort and well-being pre- and postintervention.
FINDINGS: Although Reiki therapy was statistically significant in raising the comfort and well-being of patients post-therapy, the sham Reiki placebo also was statistically significant. Patients in the standard care group did not experience changes in comfort and well-being during their infusion session.
CONCLUSIONS: The findings indicate that the presence of an RN providing one-on-one support during chemotherapy was influential in raising comfort and well-being levels, with or without an attempted healing energy field.
IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING: An attempt by clinic nurses to provide more designated one-to-one presence and support for patients while receiving their chemotherapy infusions could increase patient comfort and well-being.
School of Nursing, Sonoma State University, Rohnert Park, CA, USA. firstname.lastname@example.org