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Complementary and alternative therapies for allergic rhinitis and conjunctivitis

Author
Leonard Bielory, MD
Section Editor
Jonathan Corren, MD
Deputy Editor
Anna M Feldweg, MD

INTRODUCTION

Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies for allergic rhinitis and conjunctivitis include Chinese herbal medicine (CHM), Ayurvedic medicine, other single and multiple herb preparations, acupuncture, homeopathy, and several other modalities. CAM therapies continue to gain popularity in the United States and throughout the world for the treatment of asthma and allergies.

This review is limited to those therapies about which there is published literature specifically concerning the treatment of allergic rhinitis/conjunctivitis. These therapies include traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), acupuncture, Ayurvedic medicine, a variety of herbal therapies, and several others.

CAM therapies for allergic rhinitis/conjunctivitis are discussed in this topic review. CHM for allergic diseases and CAM therapies for asthma are reviewed elsewhere. (See "Chinese herbal medicine for the treatment of allergic diseases" and "Investigational agents for asthma".)

OVERVIEW

Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is commonly defined as a group of diverse medical and healthcare systems, practices, and products that are not generally considered part of the conventional allopathic medical practices. Complementary therapies are used together with conventional allopathic medicine, while alternative therapies are used in place of conventional medicine. More general reviews of the principles of various CAM therapies are also found separately. (See "Overview of herbal medicine and dietary supplements" and "Complementary and alternative medicine in pediatrics" and "Acupuncture" and "Homeopathy".)

Popularity — More than 20 percent of the United States population appears to suffer from an atopic disorder, such as asthma, allergic rhinitis, and atopic dermatitis, and over 42 percent of people (both adults and children) have used CAM for their atopic disorder [1,2]. The popularity of CAM therapies for allergic disease is even greater in some European countries [3]. Thus, it is important to ask patients about the use of CAM therapies in a nonjudgmental manner [4].

                         

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Literature review current through: Jul 2017. | This topic last updated: Oct 06, 2016.
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