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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 78

of 'Clostridium difficile infection in adults: Clinical manifestations and diagnosis'

Comparison of vidas Clostridium difficile toxin-A assay and premier C. difficile toxin-A assay to cytotoxin-B tissue culture assay for the detection of toxins of C. difficile.
Knapp CC, Sandin RL, Hall GS, Ludwig MD, Rutherford I, Washington JA
Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 1993;17(1):7.
Damage to the intestinal mucosa by Clostridium difficile (CD) is toxin mediated. Two enzyme immunoassays (EIAs) for toxin-A detection, the automated Vitek immunodiagnostic assay system CDA (Vidas CDA), and the Premier toxin A (Premier) were tested for their ability to detect toxin A in 301 stool samples and compared with an in-house tissue culture assay for toxin B (TCA). Of these 301 samples, 49 were TCA positive and 252 were TCA negative. Agreement between Vidas CDA and TCA on the initial run was 85% (255 of 301) and increased to 94% (278 of 296) when discordant samples were retested from available frozen specimens. Corresponding levels of agreement for Premier were 91% (272 of 301) and 98% (284 of 288), respectively. If tissue culture positivity at any titer was used as the sole criterion for positivity of the specimen, agreement with positive TCA before and after repeat testing was 57% (26 of 49) and 74% (34 of 46) for Vidas CDA and 65% (32 of 49) and 95% (36 of 38) for Premier. Agreement with negative TCA titers was good: 90% for Vidas CDA and 95% for Premier, and 98% for Vidas CDA and 99% for Premier after repeat testing. Predictive values positive and negative after repeat testing were, respectively, 88% and 96% for Vidas CDA, and 95% and 99% for Premier. Results for the automated and manual EIA methods for detection of C. difficile toxin A were obtained in 2.5 h as compared with 36-48 h for tissue culture.
Department of Microbiology, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, OH 44195.