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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 82

of 'Clinical use of tyrosine kinase inhibitors for chronic myeloid leukemia'

The new tyrosine-kinase inhibitor and anticancer drug dasatinib reversibly affects platelet activation in vitro and in vivo.
Gratacap MP, Martin V, Valéra MC, Allart S, Garcia C, SiéP, Recher C, Payrastre B
Blood. 2009;114(9):1884. Epub 2009 Jun 3.
Dasatinib is an oral potent adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-competitive inhibitor of BCR-ABL, cKIT, platelet-derived growth factor receptor, and SRC family kinases (SFKs), which has demonstrated high efficiency in patients with imatinib-resistant chronic myelogenous leukemia. Here, we show that dasatinib weakly affects platelet activation by thrombin or adenosine diphosphate but is a potent inhibitor of platelet signaling and functions initiated by collagen or FcgammaRIIA cross-linking, which require immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif phosphorylation by SFKs. Accordingly, dasatinib treatment rapidly decreases the volume of thrombi formed under arterial flow conditions in whole blood from patients or mice perfused over a matrix of collagen. Moreover, treatment of mice with dasatinib increases the tail bleeding time in a dose-dependent manner. Interestingly, these effects are rapidly reversible after interruption of the treatment. Our data clearly demonstrate that, in contrast to imatinib, dasatinib affects platelet functions in vitro and in vivo, which has important implications in clinic and could explain increased risks of bleeding observed in patients. Moreover, dasatinib efficiently prevents platelet activation mediated by FcgammaRIIA cross-linking and by sera from patients with heparin-induced thrombocytopenia, suggesting that reversible antiplatelet agents acting as ATP-competitive inhibitors of SFKs may be of therapeutic interest in the treatment of this pathology.
Département d'Oncogenèse, Signalisation et Innovation Thérapeutique, UniversitéToulouse III Paul Sabatier, Inserm U563, Centre de Physiopathologie de Toulouse Purpan, Toulouse, France.