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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 78

of 'Clinical use of tyrosine kinase inhibitors for chronic myeloid leukemia'

78
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Dynamics and management of cytopenias associated with dasatinib therapy in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia in chronic phase after imatinib failure.
AU
Quintás-Cardama A, De Souza Santos FP, Kantarjian H, O'Brien S, Faderl S, Awais A, Borthakur G, Cortes J
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Cancer. 2009;115(17):3935.
 
BACKGROUND: The incidence, dynamics, and management of cytopenias were investigated in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia in chronic phase (CP CML) who received dasatinib therapy after imatinib failure.
METHODS: Data were analyzed from 130 patients with CP CML who were treated with dasatinib from November 2003 to March 2006 in phase 1 (n = 22) or phase 2 or 3 (n = 108) studies for the development of grade 2 to 4 cytopenia (according to the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria [version 3.0]).
RESULTS: Grade 2 to 4 neutropenia and/or thrombocytopenia occurred in 94 (72%) patients during dasatinib therapy and grade 3 to 4 occurred in 67 (52%) patients. Of the 94 patients who developed grade 2 to 4 neutropenia and/or thrombocytopenia, 64 (68%) also developed at least grade 2 anemia, and 16 (17%) developed grade 3 to 4 anemia. Management of cytopenias included transient dasatinib interruption in 35 (37%) patients, filgrastim in 12 (14%) patients, recombinant erythropoietin in 29 (45%) patients, and interleukin-11 in 3 (5%) patients. Factors associated with an increased risk for developing grade 2 to 4 cytopenias were longer time from diagnosis to treatment, prior interferon or imatinib therapy, and a lower white blood cell count at the initiation of dasatinib therapy.
CONCLUSIONS: Hematologic toxicity was frequent during dasatinib therapy in patients with CP CML, particularly at doses>100 mg daily. Treatment interruption and/or dose reduction as well as growth factor support were found to be safe and efficacious strategies to facilitate the continuous administration of dasatinib.
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Department of Leukemia, The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas, USA.
PMID