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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 37

of 'Clinical use of tyrosine kinase inhibitors for chronic myeloid leukemia'

SNP array analysis of tyrosine kinase inhibitor-resistant chronic myeloid leukemia identifies heterogeneous secondary genomic alterations.
Nowak D, Ogawa S, Müschen M, Kato M, Kawamata N, Meixel A, Nowak V, Kim HS, Kang S, Paquette R, Chang MS, Thoennissen NH, Mossner M, Hofmann WK, Kohlmann A, Weiss T, Haferlach T, Haferlach C, Koeffler HP
Blood. 2010;115(5):1049. Epub 2009 Dec 2.
To elucidate whether tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) resistance in chronic myeloid leukemia is associated with characteristic genomic alterations, we analyzed DNA samples from 45 TKI-resistant chronic myeloid leukemia patients with 250K single nucleotide polymorphism arrays. From 20 patients, matched serial samples of pretreatment and TKI resistance time points were available. Eleven of the 45 TKI-resistant patients had mutations of BCR-ABL1, including 2 T315I mutations. Besides known TKI resistance-associated genomic lesions, such as duplication of the BCR-ABL1 gene (n = 8) and trisomy 8 (n = 3), recurrent submicroscopic alterations, including acquired uniparental disomy, were detectable on chromosomes 1, 8, 9, 17, 19, and 22. On chromosome 22, newly acquired and recurrent deletions of the IGLC1 locus were detected in 3 patients, who had previously presented with lymphoid or myeloid blast crisis. This may support a hypothesis of TKI-induced selection of subclones differentiating into immature B-cell progenitors as a mechanism of disease progression and evasion of TKI sensitivity.
Division of Hematology and Oncology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, University of California-Los Angeles School of Medicine, CA 90048, USA. Daniel.nowak@medma.uni-heidelberg.de