Medline ® Abstract for Reference 48
of 'Clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and management of diabetic infections of the lower extremities'
Bacterial flora in mal perforant and antimicrobial treatment with ceftriaxone.
Hirschl M, Hirschl AM
The objectives of this pilot study were to identify the bacterial flora of neurotrophic ulcers, and to determine whether treatment with ceftriaxone improves the clinical picture. Twenty-five patients (15 male, 10 female, mean age 70 +/- 11 years) with mal perforant were treated with 2 g ceftriaxone once daily until the ulcer was healed, or for a period of 6 weeks. Biopsies were taken from the ulcer floor before and after therapy. Initially, the following bacteria were found, in order of frequency: Staphylococcus aureus, enterobacteria, coagulase-negative staphylococci, enterococci and streptococci as well as Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Under therapy with ceftriaxone, the lesions of 11 patients were healed; in 5 patients improvement>50% was observed and in 4 patients improvement was<50%. In 3 patients there was no change in the condition. Two patients had to stop treatment due to diarrhea. Asepsis was achieved in 5 patients despite persistence of the ulcer. The control group (25 patients without antibiotic therapy) showed the following results: healing in 6, improvement>50% in 5, improvement<50% in 10, and no change in 4. The results for the treatment group have to be compared with a historical control group since, for ethical reasons, the implementation of a double-blind study would not be feasible.
Vascular Outpatient Clinic, Hanusch Hospital, Vienna, Austria.