Medline ® Abstract for Reference 71
of 'Clinical manifestations and diagnosis of oral allergy syndrome (pollen-food allergy syndrome)'
Colonoscopic allergen provocation test with rBet v 1 in patients with pollen-associated food allergy.
Pickert CN, Lorentz A, Manns MP, Bischoff SC
Allergy. 2012 Oct;67(10):1308-15. Epub 2012 Aug 23.
BACKGROUND: After consumption of fruits, nuts, and vegetables, several patients with pollen allergy experience gastrointestinal (GI) tract symptoms that are possibly caused by pollen-associated food allergy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the colonoscopic allergen provocation (COLAP) test using the recombinant birch pollen allergen Bet v 1 (rBet v 1) for in vivo diagnosis of pollen-associated food allergy manifesting in the GI tract.
METHODS: Thirty-four patients with a history of adverse reactions to food, GI tract symptoms, and birch pollen pollinosis and five healthy controls underwent COLAP test. Twenty minutes after endoscopic challenge of the cecal mucosa with rBet v 1, the mucosal wheal and flare reaction was registered semiquantitatively, and tissue biopsy specimens were examined for eosinophil mucosal activation.
RESULTS: The mucosal reaction to rBet v 1 was correlated with the presence of pollinosis (P = 0.004), history of adverse reaction to Bet v 1-associated food allergens (P = 0.001), and tissue eosinophils' activation (P < 0.001). A wheal and flare reaction in the COLAP test was observed in 13 of 16 patients (81%) with a history of GI tract symptoms associated with the ingestion of Bet v 1-related foods and in four of 18 (22%) patients with a negative history (P < 0.001). The control group did not develop visible mucosal reactions to rBet v 1. Systemic anaphylactic reactions did not occur.
CONCLUSIONS: The mucosal administration of rBet v 1 by COLAP test provides a new diagnostic tool that might support the diagnosis of Bet v 1-associated food allergy manifesting in the GI tract.
Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Endocrinology, Medical School of Hannover, Hannover, Germany.