Medline ® Abstract for Reference 56
of 'Clinical manifestations and diagnosis of oral allergy syndrome (pollen-food allergy syndrome)'
"Latex-fruit syndrome": frequency of cross-reacting IgE antibodies.
Brehler R, Theissen U, Mohr C, Luger T
An association between allergies to latex proteins and to various foods has been reported and confirmed by RAST and immunoblotting inhibition. However, no significant data had been collected on the frequency of specific IgE antibodies to fruits in these patients and the frequency of a history of fruit intolerance. Serum samples of 136 patients with well-documented, clinically relevant, immediate-type hypersensitivity against latex proteins were analyzed for IgE antibodies against a panel of different fruits. Patient history of food intolerance was documented by a standardized questionnaire. Fruit-specific IgE antibodies were detected in 69.1% of serum samples. Cross-reacting IgE antibodies recognizing latex and fruit allergens (papaya, avocado, banana, chestnut, passion fruit, fig, melon, mango, kiwi, pineapple, peach, and tomato) were demonstrated by RAST-inhibition tests. Of our patients, 42.5% reported allergic symptoms after ingestion of these fruits and a total of 112 intolerance reactions were recorded. However, fruit-specific IgE antibodies were detected only in serum samples from 32.1% of the patients who perceived symptoms due to these fruits. Thus, serologic tests seem to be of low significance for prediction o food allergy in latex-allergic patients.
Department of Dermatology and Venereology, University of Münster, Germany.