Medline ® Abstract for Reference 36
of 'Clinical manifestations and diagnosis of oral allergy syndrome (pollen-food allergy syndrome)'
Measurement of health-related quality of life in adult patients with birch pollen-associated food allergy.
Beyer S, Franke A, Simon JC, Treudler R
J Dtsch Dermatol Ges. 2016;14(4):397. Epub 2016 Feb 10.
BACKGROUND: The "Food Allergy Quality of Life Questionnaire - Adult Form" (FAQLQ-AF) is the first freely available questionnaire for the assessment of health-related quality of life (HRQL) in adults with food allergy (FA). We present validation data for the German version as well as data on HRQL in patients with birch pollen-associated FA.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: The Dutch FAQLQ-AF (scale from 1-7, no impairment - maximum impairment) was translated into German. Subsequently, 73 consecutive patients with a history of birch pollen-associated FA (52 women, median age 43 years) were surveyed using questions regarding triggers and symptoms of their FA as well as questions contained in the FAQLQ-AF. Construct validity, internal consistency, and discriminative ability were analyzed.
RESULTS: The foods most frequently reported to elicit allergic reactions included apple (78%), hazelnut (75%), soy drinks (55%), and carrot (52%). Thirty percent of patients exclusively reported symptoms consistent with oral allergy syndrome (OAS). Sixty-four percent reported OAS combined with systemic symptoms, and only 6% were exclusively affected by non-OAS symptoms. The German FAQLQ-AF showed good construct validity (correlation with the food allergy-independent measure: r = 0.81; p<0.001) and excellent internal consistency (Cronbachsα= 0.98). The mean overall FAQLQ-AF score was 3.7. Women, elderly individuals, and those with multiple relevant food allergies showed a greater impairment of HRQL.
CONCLUSIONS: The German FAQLQ-AF questionnaire is a reliable and valid tool for measuring HRQL in patients with birch pollen-associated food allergy.
Department of Dermatology, Venereology, and Allergology, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany.