Medline ® Abstract for Reference 12
of 'Clinical manifestations and diagnosis of oral allergy syndrome (pollen-food allergy syndrome)'
Pollen food syndrome amongst children with seasonal allergic rhinitis attending allergy clinic.
Ludman S, Jafari-Mamaghani M, Ebling R, Fox AT, Lack G, Du Toit G
Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2016;27(2):134. Epub 2015 Dec 9.
BACKGROUND: There is limited information regarding the onset and sensitization patterns of pollen food syndrome (PFS) in children. The aim was to explore this within children referred to a specialist allergy clinic at a London Tertiary Hospital.
METHODS: A total of 54 patients with seasonal allergic rhinitis (SAR) were enrolled in equal numbers in three age groups; 0-5, 6-10, 11-15 years. Families completed a questionnaire on rhinitis, food symptoms and quality of life. Children underwent skin prick testing (SPT) to fresh fruits, nuts and a blood test for microarray analysis.
RESULTS: Clinical diagnosis of PFS was made in 26/54 (48%), increasing with age (group 1 = 3 (17%), group 2 = 9 (50%), group 3 = 14 (78%) (p = 0.03)). Microarray demonstrates children aged 2.8 years sensitized to pan-allergens and 4.5 years symptomatic to pan-allergens. Peach, cherry, carrot and strawberry SPT had the highest sensitivity and NPV at 100%. The sensitivity of PR10 molecules on microarray was 92%, PPV 62% and NPV 87%. Microarray confirmed 69% of allergens on clinical history compared to 61% by SPT. Microarray and SPT had a 19% false-negative rate. The quality-of-life data showed moderate impact across all domains, and patients with PFS were significantly more likely to have increased anxiety over time spent preparing food (p = 0.029).
CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrate that SAR occurs in children from 1.4 years and PFS from 4.5 years with a changing pattern of pan-allergen sensitization. Microarray and SPT have moderate concordance in confirming allergens. PFS impacts negatively on quality of life and should be assessed in all paediatric allergy patients.
Royal London Hospital, Barts Health NHS Trust, London, UK.