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Clinical manifestations and diagnosis of measles

Hayley Gans, MD
Yvonne A Maldonado, MD
Section Editors
Martin S Hirsch, MD
Sheldon L Kaplan, MD
Deputy Editor
Elinor L Baron, MD, DTMH


Measles virus (rubeola) is a member of the family Paramyxoviridae, genus Morbillivirus. Humans are the only known natural host. Measles virus infection can cause a variety of clinical syndromes, including [1]:

Classic measles infection in immunocompetent patients

Modified measles infection in patients with preexisting but incompletely protective anti-measles antibody

Atypical measles infection in patients immunized with the killed virus vaccine

Neurologic syndromes following measles infection, including acute disseminated encephalomyelitis and subacute sclerosing panencephalitis


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Literature review current through: Sep 2015. | This topic last updated: Jul 8, 2015.
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