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Clinical manifestations and diagnosis of measles

Jorge L Barinaga, MD, MS
Paul R Skolnik, MD, FACP, FIDSA
Section Editors
Martin S Hirsch, MD
Sheldon L Kaplan, MD
Deputy Editor
Elinor L Baron, MD, DTMH


Measles virus (rubeola) is a member of the family Paramyxoviridae, genus Morbillivirus. Measles virus infection can cause a variety of clinical syndromes, including [1]:

Classic measles infection in immunocompetent patients

Modified measles in patients with preexisting but incompletely protective anti-measles antibody

Atypical measles in patients immunized with the killed virus vaccine

Neurologic syndromes following measles infection, including acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) and subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE)


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Literature review current through: May 2015. | This topic last updated: Jun 16, 2015.
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