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Clinical manifestations and diagnosis of gastroesophageal reflux disease in children and adolescents

Harland S Winter, MD
Section Editor
Deputy Editor
Alison G Hoppin, MD


Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is present when passage of gastric contents into the esophagus causes troublesome symptoms or complications [1]. The range of symptoms and complications of GERD in children varies with age.

This topic review focuses on the clinical manifestations and diagnosis of GERD in children and adolescents. Other topic reviews relevant to gastroesophageal reflux (GER) and GERD in the pediatric age group are:

Management of gastroesophageal reflux disease in children and adolescents

Gastroesophageal reflux in infants

Gastroesophageal reflux in premature infants

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Literature review current through: Nov 2017. | This topic last updated: Jul 05, 2016.
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