Medline ® Abstract for Reference 24
of 'Clinical manifestations and diagnosis of fibromuscular dysplasia'
Clinical and biochemical profiles suggest fibromuscular dysplasia is a systemic disease with altered TGF-βexpression and connective tissue features.
Ganesh SK, Morissette R, Xu Z, Schoenhoff F, Griswold BF, Yang J, Tong L, Yang ML, Hunker K, Sloper L, Kuo S, Raza R, Milewicz DM, Francomano CA, Dietz HC, Van Eyk J, McDonnell NB
FASEB J. 2014 Aug;28(8):3313-24. Epub 2014 Apr 14.
Fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) is a rare, nonatherosclerotic arterial disease for which the molecular basis is unknown. We comprehensively studied 47 subjects with FMD, including physical examination, spine magnetic resonance imaging, bone densitometry, and brain magnetic resonance angiography. Inflammatory biomarkers in plasma and transforming growth factorβ(TGF-β) cytokines in patient-derived dermal fibroblasts were measured by ELISA. Arterial pathology other than medial fibrodysplasia with multifocal stenosis included cerebral aneurysm, found in 12.8% of subjects. Extra-arterial pathology included low bone density (P<0.001); early onset degenerative spine disease (95.7%); increased incidence of Chiari I malformation (6.4%) and dural ectasia (42.6%); and physical examination findings of a mild connective tissue dysplasia (95.7%). Screening for mutations causing known genetically mediated arteriopathies was unrevealing. We found elevated plasma TGF-β1 (P=0.009), TGF-β2 (P=0.004) and additional inflammatory markers, and increased TGF-β1 (P=0.0009) and TGF-β2 (P=0.0001) secretion in dermal fibroblast cell lines from subjects with FMD compared to age- and gender-matched controls. Detailed phenotyping of patients with FMD allowed us to demonstrate that FMD is a systemic disease with alterations in common with the spectrum of genetic syndromes that involve altered TGF-βsignaling and offers TGF-βas a marker of FMD.
Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, and Department of Human Genetics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA; email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org.