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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 78

of 'Clinical manifestations and diagnosis of Fanconi anemia'

Loss-of-Function FANCL Mutations Associate with Severe Fanconi Anemia Overlapping the VACTERL Association.
Vetro A, Iascone M, Limongelli I, Ameziane N, Gana S, Della Mina E, Giussani U, Ciccone R, Forlino A, Pezzoli L, Rooimans MA, van Essen AJ, Messa J, Rizzuti T, Bianchi P, Dorsman J, de Winter JP, Lalatta F, Zuffardi O
Hum Mutat. 2015 May;36(5):562-8. Epub 2015 Apr 7.
The diagnosis of VACTERL syndrome can be elusive, especially in the prenatal life, due to the presence of malformations that overlap those present in other genetic conditions, including the Fanconi anemia (FA). We report on three VACTERL cases within two families, where the two who arrived to be born died shortly after birth due to severe organs' malformations. The suspicion of VACTERL association was based on prenatal ultrasound assessment and postnatal features. Subsequent chromosome breakage analysis suggested the diagnosis of FA. Finally, by next-generation sequencing based on the analysis of the exome in one family and of a panel of Fanconi genes in the second one, we identified novel FANCL truncating mutations in both families. We used ectopic expression of wild-type FANCL to functionally correct the cellular FA phenotype for both mutations. Our study emphasizes that the diagnosis of FA should be considered when VACTERL association is suspected. Furthermore, we show that loss-of-function mutations in FANCL result in a severe clinical phenotype characterized by early postnatal death.
Biotechnology Research Laboratories, Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo, Pavia, Italy.