Medline ® Abstract for Reference 61
of 'Clinical manifestations and diagnosis of Fanconi anemia'
Functional correction of FA-C cells with FANCC suppresses the expression of interferon gamma-inducible genes.
Fagerlie SR, Diaz J, Christianson TA, McCartan K, Keeble W, Faulkner GR, Bagby GC
Because hematopoietic cells derived from Fanconi anemia (FA) patients of the C-complementation group (FA-C) are hypersensitive to the inhibitory effects of interferon gamma (IFNgamma), the products of certain IFNgamma-inducible genes known to influence hematopoietic cell survival were quantified. High constitutive expression of the IFNgamma-inducible genes, IFN-stimulated gene factor 3 gamma subunit (ISGF3gamma), IFN regulatory factor-1 (IRF-1), and the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p21(WAF1) was found in FANCC mutant B lymphoblasts, low-density bone marrow cells, and murine embryonic fibroblasts. Paradoxically, these cells do not activate signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) 1 properly. In an attempt to clarify mechanisms by which FA-C cells overexpress IFNgamma-inducible genes in the face of defective STAT1 phosphorylation, it was reasoned that decreased levels of activated STAT1 might result in reduced expression of a hematopoietic IFNgamma-responsive protein that normally modulates expression of other IFNgamma-responsive genes. Levels of the IFNgamma-inducible factor IFN consensus sequence binding protein (ICSBP), a negative trans-acting regulator of some IFNgamma-inducible genes, were quantified. ICSBP levels were reduced in FA-C B lymphoblasts andMEFs. However, enforced expression of ICSBP failed to down-regulate IRF-1, ISGF3gamma, and p21(WAF1). Thus, the FANCC protein functions to modulate expression of a family of genes that in normal cells are inducible only by specific environmental cues for apoptosis or mitogenic inhibition, but it does so independently of the classic IFN-STAT1 pathway and is not the direct result of reduced ICSBP expression.
Division of Hematology and Medical Oncology, the Department of Molecular and Medical Genetics, and the Oregon Cancer Center, Oregon Health Sciences University, Portland, OR, USA.