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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 31

of 'Clinical manifestations and diagnosis of Fanconi anemia'

Phenotypic consequences of mutations in the Fanconi anemia FAC gene: an International Fanconi Anemia Registry study.
Gillio AP, Verlander PC, Batish SD, Giampietro PF, Auerbach AD
Blood. 1997 Jul;90(1):105-10.
Fanconi anemia (FA) is a genetically and phenotypically heterogeneous disorder defined by cellular hypersensitivity to DNA cross-linking agents; mutations in the gene defective in FA complementation group C, FAC, are responsible for the syndrome in a subset of patients. We have performed an analysis of the clinical effects of specific mutations in the FAC gene. Using the amplification refractory mutation system assays that we developed to rapidly detect FAC mutations, at least one mutated copy of the FAC gene was identified in 59 FA patients from the International Fanconi Anemia Registry (IFAR). This represents 15% of the 397 FA patients tested. FA-C patients were divided into three subgroups based on results of a genotype-phenotype analysis using the Cox proportional hazards model: (1) patients with the IVS4 mutation (n = 26); (2) patients with at least one exon 14 mutation (R548X or L554P) (n = 16); and (3) patients with at least one exon 1 mutation (322delG or Q13X) and no known exon 14 mutation (n = 17). Kaplan-Meier analysis shows that IVS4 or exon 14 mutations define poor risk subgroups, as they are associated with significantly earlier onset of hematologic abnormalities and poorer survival compared to exon 1 patients and to the non-FA-C IFAR population. There was no direct correlation between the degree of cellular hypersensitivity to the clastogenic effect of diepoxybutane and severity of clinical phenotype. Sixteen of the 59 FA-C patients (27%) have developed acute myelogenous leukemia. Thirteen of these patients have died; AML was the cause of death in 46% of the expired FA-C patients. This study enables us to define this clinically heterogeneous disorder genotypically to better predict clinical outcome and aid decision-making regarding major therapeutic modalities for a subset of FA patients.
Laboratory of Human Genetics and Hematology, The Rockefeller University, New York, NY 10021-6399, USA.