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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 20

of 'Clinical manifestations and diagnosis of congenital anomalies of the uterus'

Reproductive performance of women with unicornuate uterus.
Fedele L, Zamberletti D, Vercellini P, Dorta M, Candiani GB
Fertil Steril. 1987;47(3):416.
The reproductive history of 19 women with a diagnosis of unicornuate uterus confirmed by laparoscopy or laparotomy is analyzed. The patients were followed for 2 to 10 years. One patient had a cavitary communicating rudimentary horn, four a cavitary noncommunicating rudimentary horn, seven a noncavitary rudimentary horn, and seven no rudimentary horn. Six of the patients presented with primary infertility. The other 13 women had a total of 29 pregnancies, 1 (3.4%) in a rudimentary horn determining rupture; abortions occurred in 17 (58.6%), premature labor in 3 (10.3%), and term births in 8 (27.6%), with a live birth rate of 38%. Of the 11 births, 6 (54.5%) were breech presentations, and 9 (81.8%) were cesarean sections. In five cases the rudimentary horn was removed, with associated salpingooophorectomy in three patients. Cervical cerclage was not performed in any of the patients.