Clinical manifestations and diagnosis of a palpable breast mass
- Michael S Sabel, MD
Michael S Sabel, MD
- Associate Professor of Surgery
- University of Michigan Medical School
- Section Editor
- Anees B Chagpar, MD, MSc, MA, MPH, MBA, FACS, FRCS(C)
Anees B Chagpar, MD, MSc, MA, MPH, MBA, FACS, FRCS(C)
- Section Editor — Breast Surgery
- Associate Professor, Department of Surgery
- Yale University School of Medicine
Evaluation of a palpable breast mass requires a systematic approach to the history, physical examination, and radiographic imaging studies to ensure a correct diagnosis. A missed diagnosis of breast cancer is one of the most frequent causes of malpractice claims in the United States [1-3].
The clinical manifestations and diagnostic evaluation of women with a palpable breast mass are reviewed here. Screening and epidemiology of breast cancer, benign breast disease, breast pain, nipple discharge, breast cysts, and breast cancer are reviewed separately.
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- CLINICAL FEATURES
- Clinical manifestations
- - Clinical presentation
- - Physical examination
- Imaging studies
- Presenting symptoms
- Risk factors for the development of breast cancer
- Physical examination
- - Inspection
- - Palpation
- - Documentation
- Diagnostic imaging
- - Mammography
- - Ultrasonography
- - MRI
- DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS
- RADIOGRAPHICALLY IDENTIFIED MASSES
- INFORMATION FOR PATIENTS
- SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATIONS