Clinical features of multiple sclerosis in adults
- Michael J Olek, DO
Michael J Olek, DO
- Associate Professor of Neurology
- Loma Linda University Medical Center
Diseases that affect central nervous system myelin can be categorized as demyelinating (acquired, inflammatory) and dysmyelinating (abnormal formation of myelin, usually genetic basis) (table 1). The most common autoimmune inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system is multiple sclerosis (MS).
The clinical features and disease course of MS will be reviewed here. Other aspects of MS are discussed separately:
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- CLINICAL SYMPTOMS AND SIGNS
- Visual loss
- Internuclear ophthalmoplegia
- Sensory symptoms
- Lhermitte phenomenon
- Motor symptoms
- Bowel/bladder/sexual function
- Heat sensitivity
- Paroxysmal symptoms
- Cognitive dysfunction
- Magnetic resonance imaging
- Cerebrospinal fluid
- INFORMATION FOR PATIENTS