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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 85

of 'Clinical features, evaluation, and treatment of retroperitoneal soft tissue sarcoma'

Preoperative chemo-radiation therapy for localised retroperitoneal sarcoma: a phase I-II study from the Italian Sarcoma Group.
Gronchi A, De Paoli A, Dani C, Merlo DF, Quagliuolo V, Grignani G, Bertola G, Navarria P, Sangalli C, Buonadonna A, De Sanctis R, Sanfilippo R, Dei Tos AP, Stacchiotti S, Giorello L, Fiore M, Bruzzi P, Casali PG
Eur J Cancer. 2014 Mar;50(4):784-92. Epub 2013 Dec 5.
BACKGROUND: To study feasibility, safety and activity of the combination of high-dose long-infusion ifosfamide (HLI) and radiotherapy (RT) as preoperative treatment for resectable localised retroperitoneal sarcoma (RPS).
METHODS: Patients received three cycles of HLI (14 g/m2). RT was started in combination with second cycle and administered up to a total dose of 50.4 Gy. Surgery was scheduled 4-6 weeks after the end of RT. Primary end-point was 3-year relapse free survival (RFS). The trial is registered with ITASARC_∗II_2004_003.
FINDINGS: Between December 2003 and 2010, 83 patients were recruited. Main histological subtypes were well differentiated liposarcoma (19/83, 23%), dedifferentiated liposarcoma (26/83, 31%), leiomyosarcoma (14/83, 17%). Median tumour size was 120 mm (interquartile (IQ) range=82-160). The overall preoperative treatment was completed in 60 patients. Chemotherapy (CT) was completed in 65, while RT in 73. Four patients progressed before surgery and were not operated. 79 patients underwent surgery. At a median follow-up of 4.8 years (IQ range = 3-6.1), 23 and 15 patients developed local recurrence (LR) and distant metastases (DM); 30 patients died of disease. 3 and 5-year RFS and overall survival were 0.56 (90% confidence interval (CI): 0.45, 0.65) and 0.44 (90% CI: 0.27, 0.48), and 0.74 (90% CI: 0.62, 0.81) and 0.59 (90% CI: 0.33, 0.58). Crude cumulative incidence of LR and DM at 5 years were 0.37 (standard error (SE): 0.06) and 0.26 (SE: 0.06).
INTERPRETATION: The combination of preoperative HLI and RT was feasible in two thirds of patients, while preoperative RT could be completed in most (73/83). Although a systemic coverage can be added to RT when this is felt to be appropriate, the ongoing international phase III trial is exploring the role of RT alone.
FUNDING: This is a pure academic trial. No funding sources contributed to it.
Department of Surgery, Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori, Milan, Italy. Electronic address: alessandro.gronchi@istitutotumori.mi.it.