Medline ® Abstract for Reference 75
of 'Clinical features, evaluation, and treatment of retroperitoneal soft tissue sarcoma'
Phase I trial of preoperative concurrent doxorubicin and radiation therapy, surgical resection, and intraoperative electron-beam radiation therapy for patients with localized retroperitoneal sarcoma.
Pisters PW, Ballo MT, Fenstermacher MJ, Feig BW, Hunt KK, Raymond KA, Burgess MA, Zagars GK, Pollock RE, Benjamin RS, Patel SR
J Clin Oncol. 2003;21(16):3092.
PURPOSE: The primary objective of this phase I trial was to define the maximum-tolerated dose of external-beam radiation with concurrent fixed-dose continuous-infusion doxorubicin followed by surgical resection and electron-beam intraoperative radiation therapy (EB-IORT) for patients with localized, potentially resectable retroperitoneal sarcomas (RPS).
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-five patients with radiographically resectable primary or recurrent intermediate- or high-grade RPS were treated. Doxorubicin was administered each week for 4 or 5 weeks as an initial bolus (4 mg/m2) followed by a 4-day continuous infusion (4 mg/m2/d). Concurrent radiation therapy was administered in escalating doses of 18.0, 30.6, 36.0, 41.4, 46.8, or 50.4 Gy in 1.8-Gy fractions. Radiographic restaging was performed 4 to 8 weeks after chemoradiation, and patients with localized disease underwent surgical resection with EB-IORT (15 Gy).
RESULTS: Chemoradiation was completed as outpatient therapy in 31 patients (89%); four patients required hospital admission during chemoradiation or in the postchemoradiation preoperative period. At the highest radiation dose of 50.4 Gy, two (18%) of 11 patients had grade 3 or 4 nausea. Twenty-nine patients (83%) underwent laparotomy; six patients had interval disease progression and did not undergo surgery. Grossly complete resection (R0 or R1) was performed in 26 (90%) of 29 patients who had surgery. EB-IORT was feasible and successfully administered to 22 patients who had R0 or R1 resections.
CONCLUSION: Preoperative chemoradiation, surgical resection, and EB-IORT are feasible for patients with RPS. Preoperative external-beam radiation can be administered to a total dose of 50.4 Gy with continuous-infusion doxorubicin.
Department of Surgical Oncology, Unit 444, University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, 1515 Holcombe Blvd, Houston, TX 77030-4009, USA. firstname.lastname@example.org