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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 14

of 'Clinical features, diagnosis, and management of von Hippel-Lindau disease'

Prospective evaluation of radiosurgery for hemangioblastomas in von Hippel-Lindau disease.
Asthagiri AR, Mehta GU, Zach L, Li X, Butman JA, Camphausen KA, Lonser RR
Neuro Oncol. 2010;12(1):80. Epub 2009 Dec 23.
To determine the effectiveness of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) treatment to central nervous system (CNS) hemangioblastomas in von Hippel-Lindau disease (VHL), we analyzed long-term results in VHL patients treated with SRS. Patients were enrolled in a prospective VHL natural history study, undergoing SRS treatment of CNS hemangioblastomas. Treatment regimens, serial clinical evaluations, and longitudinal imaging data were analyzed. Twenty VHL patients (10 males and 10 females) underwent SRS treatment of 44 CNS hemangioblastomas (39 cerebellar and 5 brainstem). Mean (+/-SD) age at treatment was 37.5 +/- 12.0 years (range: 13-67). Mean follow-up was 8.5 +/- 3.2 years (range: 3.0-17.6 years). All patients were alive at last follow-up. Mean treated tumor volume was 0.5 +/- 0.7 cm(3) (range: 0.01-3.6 cm(3)). Mean prescription dose was 18.9 Gy (range: 12-24 Gy) at the tumor margin. Local control rate at 2, 5, 10, and 15 years after SRS treatment was 91%, 83%, 61%, and 51%, respectively. Univariate analysis did not identify variables associated (P>.05) with worse tumor control at last follow-up. Thirty-three percent of SRS-treated small (<1.0 cm diameter), asymptomatic tumors progressed over a long-term follow-up. There were no long-term adverse radiation effects. Although SRS treatment of hemangioblastomas in VHL has a low risk for adverse radiation effects, it is associated with diminishing control over a long-term follow-up. These results indicate that SRS should not be used to prophylactically treat asymptomatic tumors and should be reserved for the treatment of tumors that are not surgically resectable.
Surgical Neurology Branch, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892-1414, USA. asthagiria@ninds.nih.gov