Medline ® Abstracts for References 6-8
of 'Clinical features and diagnosis of allergic contact dermatitis'
Occupational contact dermatitis in the UK: a surveillance report from EPIDERM and OPRA.
Meyer JD, Chen Y, Holt DL, Beck MH, Cherry NM
Occup Med (Lond). 2000;50(4):265.
Since February 1993 the EPIDERM surveillance scheme has collected data on occupational skin disease from consultant dermatologists in the UK. Reporting by occupational physicians to the scheme began in May 1994 and was superseded in January 1996 by the Occupational Physicians Reporting Activity (OPRA). The schemes currently receive reports on incident cases from 244 dermatologists and 790 occupational physicians. An estimated total of 9937 cases of contact dermatitis reported by dermatologists was calculated from surveillance data; 8129 contact dermatitis cases were estimated from reports by occupational physicians. The annual incidence of occupational contact dermatitis from dermatologist reports was 6.4 cases per 100,000 workers and 6.5 per 100,000 from reports by occupational physicians, an overall rate of 12.9 cases per 100,000 workers. Manufacturing industries account for the greatest number of cases seen by both sets of reporting physicians, with health care employment second. Reports from dermatologists also indicate high rates of dermatitis in the personal service industries (mainly hairdressers and barbers) and in agriculture. With the exception of an increase in cases seen in nurses in both schemes, the numbers and proportions of cases of contact dermatitis within occupations have remained fairly constant over the 6-year reporting period. Agents accounting for the highest number of allergiccontact dermatitis cases were rubber (23.4% of allergic cases reported by dermatologists), nickel (18.2), epoxies and other resins (15.6), aromatic amines (8.6), chromium and chromates (8.1), fragrances and cosmetics (8.0), and preservatives (7.3). Soaps (22.0% of cases), wet work (19.8), petroleum products (8.7), solvents (8.0), and cutting oils and coolants (7.8) were the most frequently cited agents in cases of irritant dermatitis. The national scope of the data, together with the parallel structure by which both dermatologists and occupational physicians report incident cases, is useful in determining the extent of skin hazards in UK industry and may help in better targeting efforts to reduce the burden of skin disease at work.
Centre for Occupational and Environmental Health, University of Manchester, UK. email@example.com
The incidence of occupational skin disease as reported to The Health and Occupation Reporting (THOR) network between 2002 and 2005.
Turner S, Carder M, van Tongeren M, McNamee R, Lines S, Hussey L, Bolton A, Beck MH, Wilkinson M, Agius R
Br J Dermatol. 2007;157(4):713. Epub 2007 Jun 26.
BACKGROUND: Estimated incidence rates for occupational skin disease in the U.K. are provided by voluntary surveillance schemes involving dermatologists and occupational physicians. These rates allow monitoring of occupational dermatoses, and intervention planning aimed at reducing workplace risks.
OBJECTIVES: To summarize occupational skin disease reported to The Health and Occupation Reporting (THOR) network (2002-2005), and to provide baseline information for comparison with future studies of occupational skin disease in the U.K. and beyond.
METHODS: Incidence rates for occupational dermatoses were calculated using THOR data as numerators, and Labour Force Survey data or information from the most recent U.K. survey on provision of occupational physician services as denominators.
RESULTS: In the U.K. (2002-2005) the average annual incidence rate of work-related skin disease reported to THOR by dermatologists was 91.3 [95% confidence interval (CI) 81.8-101.1]per million, and by occupational physicians was 316.6 (95% CI 251.8-381.3) per million. Most reports were of contact dermatitis: dermatologists 68.0 (95% CI 59.8-76.2) per million, occupational physicians 259.7 (95% CI 200.8-318.6) per million.
CONCLUSIONS: Information produced by THOR is an important source for calculating incidence rates of occupational skin disease. A range of reporting groups should also be used when building an overall picture of occupational skin disease incidence in the U.K.
Centre for Occupational and Environmental Health, School of Medicine, The University of Manchester, 4th Floor C Block Humanities Devas Street, Oxford Road, Manchester, U.K. firstname.lastname@example.org
http://www.bls.gov/news.release/archives/osh_10212010.pdf (Accessed on August 22, 2011).
no abstract available