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Clinical features and classification of cerebral palsy

Author
Marc C Patterson, MD, FRACP
Section Editor
Carolyn Bridgemohan, MD
Deputy Editor
Carrie Armsby, MD, MPH

INTRODUCTION

Cerebral palsy (CP) is a group of clinical syndromes that range in severity and are characterized by abnormal muscle tone, posture, and movement. These conditions are due to abnormalities of the developing brain resulting from a variety of causes. Although the disorder itself is not progressive, the clinical expression may change over time as the brain matures.

The clinical features and classification of CP are reviewed here. The epidemiology, etiology, prevention, evaluation, diagnosis, management, and prognosis are discussed separately:

(See "Epidemiology, etiology, and prevention of cerebral palsy".)

(See "Evaluation and diagnosis of cerebral palsy".)

(See "Management and prognosis of cerebral palsy".)

                                  

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Literature review current through: Nov 2016. | This topic last updated: Thu Jun 09 00:00:00 GMT+00:00 2016.
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