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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 56

of 'Clinical course and management of monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance'

56
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Lumbar bone mineral density as the major factor determining increased prevalence of vertebral fractures in monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance.
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Pepe J, Petrucci MT, Nofroni I, Fassino V, Diacinti D, Romagnoli E, Minisola S
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Br J Haematol. 2006;134(5):485.
 
The possible relationships between biochemical measurements and both densitometric and radiographic indexes of skeletal fragility were evaluated in 65 postmenopausal women with monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS). There was a significantly higher prevalence of vertebral fractures in the MGUS group compared with a control population (P<or = 0.001). The MGUS patients were then grouped according to the presence or absence of at least one mild vertebral fracture. Patients with fractures (Fx, n=34) were older (62.8 +/- 6.1 years), with long-standing disease (8.8 +/- 7.1 years) when compared with those without fractures (NFx, n=31; 59.7 +/- 5.0 years, P<or = 0.05 and 5.8 +/- 4.1 years, P<or = 0.05). The receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand/osteoprotegerin ratio was higher in Fx compared with NFx (0.092 +/- 0.018 vs. 0.082 +/- 0.020; P<or = 0.05). Lumbar spine (0.811 +/- 0.14 vs. 0.956 +/- 0.12 g/cm2), femoral neck (0.660 +/- 0.09 vs. 0.747 +/- 0.10 g/cm2) and total bone mineral density (BMD) (0.788 +/- 0.11 vs. 0.884 +/- 0.11 g/cm2) were lower (all P<or = 0.001) in FxMGUS compared with Nfx patients. Receiver operating characteristic curves identified lumbar BMD as the variable that best predicted vertebral fractures (area under the curve 0.817; 95% confidence interval, 0.713-0.921). This study provides an indication for the measurement of BMD in MGUS patients, as a means of predicting vertebral fractures, especially in those that are asymptomatic. Patients with prevalent fractures should undergo pharmacological treatment to prevent further fractures.
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Dipartimento di Scienze Cliniche, UniversitàLa Sapienza, Rome, Italy.
PMID