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Classification of sleep disorders

Authors
Brooke G Judd, MD
Michael J Sateia, MD
Section Editor
Susan M Harding, MD, FCCP, AGAF
Deputy Editor
April F Eichler, MD, MPH

INTRODUCTION

Diagnostic classification of sleep disorders is important because it standardizes definitions, improves awareness of the conditions, promotes a broad differential diagnosis, and facilitates a systematic diagnostic approach.

The International Classification of Sleep Disorders (ICSD) is the most widely used classification system for sleep disorders. The third edition of the ICSD (ICSD-3) includes seven major categories of sleep disorders [1]:

Insomnia

Sleep-related breathing disorders

Central disorders of hypersomnolence

                        
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Literature review current through: Oct 2017. | This topic last updated: May 30, 2017.
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References
Top
  1. American Academy of Sleep Medicine. International Classification of Sleep Disorders, 3rd ed, American Academy of Sleep Medicine, Darien, IL 2014.
  2. Sateia MJ. International classification of sleep disorders-third edition: highlights and modifications. Chest 2014; 146:1387.
  3. Berry RB, Brooks R, Gamaldo CE, et al. The AASM Manual for the Scoring of Sleep and Associated Events: Rules, Terminology and Technical Specifications, version 2.4, American Academy of Sleep Medicine, Darien IL 2017.
  4. American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), American Psychiatric Association, Arlington, VA 2013.