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Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome

Michel Pontari, MD
Section Editor
Michael P O'Leary, MD, MPH
Deputy Editor
Howard Libman, MD, FACP


Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) is a clinical syndrome defined primarily on the basis of urologic symptoms and/or pain or discomfort in the pelvic region. Despite the use of the term "prostatitis," it is unclear to what degree the prostate is the source of symptoms [1].

The clinical manifestations, evaluation, and management of CP/CPPS will be reviewed here. Acute prostatitis and chronic bacterial prostatitis are discussed separately. (See "Acute bacterial prostatitis" and "Chronic bacterial prostatitis".)


A number of terms have been used to describe the syndrome now commonly called chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS). These include prostatodynia (painful prostate) and abacterial prostatitis.

A classification approach supported by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to standardize definitions and facilitate research is the accepted categorization of prostate syndromes [2]. This schema defines the following classes:

I – Acute prostatitis

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Literature review current through: Nov 2017. | This topic last updated: Jul 14, 2017.
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