Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome
- Michel Pontari, MD
Michel Pontari, MD
- Professor of Urology
- Temple University School of Medicine
Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) is a clinical syndrome, defined primarily on the basis of urologic symptoms and/or pain or discomfort in the pelvic region. Despite the use of the term "prostatitis," it is unclear to what degree the prostate is the source of symptoms .
The clinical manifestations, evaluation, and management of CP/CPPS will be reviewed here. Acute prostatitis and chronic bacterial prostatitis are discussed separately. (See "Acute bacterial prostatitis" and "Chronic bacterial prostatitis".)
A number of terms have been used to describe the syndrome now commonly called chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS). These include prostatodynia (painful prostate) and abacterial prostatitis.
A classification approach supported by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to standardize definitions and facilitate research is the currently accepted categorization of prostate syndromes . This schema defines the following categories:
●I. Acute prostatitis
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