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Medline ® Abstracts for References 5,11,60,71

of 'Chronic functional constipation and fecal incontinence in infants and children: Treatment'

5
TI
Consultation with the specialist: encopresis: assessment and management.
AU
Schonwald A, Rappaport L
SO
Pediatr Rev. 2004;25(8):278.
 
AD
Developmental Medicine Center, Boston Children's Hospital, MA, USA.
PMID
11
TI
Diagnosis and management in children with severe and protracted constipation and obstipation.
AU
DAVIDSON M, KUGLER MM, BAUER CH
SO
J Pediatr. 1963;62:261.
 
AD
PMID
60
 
 
Croffie JMB, Fitzgerald JF. Idiopathic constipation. In: Pediatric Gastrointestinal Disease, 4th, Walker WA, Goulet O, Kleinman RE, et al (Eds), BC Decker Inc., Ontario 2004. p.1001.
 
no abstract available
71
TI
Serum beta-carotene, retinol, and alpha-tocopherol levels during mineral oil therapy for constipation.
AU
Clark JH, Russell GJ, Fitzgerald JF, Nagamori KE
SO
Am J Dis Child. 1987;141(11):1210.
 
Twenty-five children with chronic constipation underwent serial monitoring of serum beta-carotene, retinol (vitamin A1), and alpha-tocopherol (vitamin E) levels during mineral oil therapy. Mineral oil was administered between meals. Patients were monitored for up to four months of therapy. Mean serum beta-carotene levels fell from 1.0 +/- 0.5 mumol/L (55.7 +/- 26.0 micrograms/dL) to 0.7 +/- 0.4 mumol/L (35.9 +/- 22.1 micrograms/dL) after the first month of mineral oil therapy and remained depressed throughout the remainder of the study. Serum alpha-tocopherol levels remained unchanged throughout the observation period. There was a modest increase in serum retinol levels during the study, especially after three months (from 1.48 +/- 0.84 mumol/L [42.3 +/- 24.1 micrograms/dL]to 2.22 +/- 0.77 mumol/L [63.5 +/- 22.1 micrograms/dL]). We conclude that while a short course of mineral oil can induce a reduction in the serum level of beta-carotene, the treatment has no adverse effect on serum levels of retinol and alpha-tocopherol.
AD
Department of Pediatrics, James Whitcomb Riley Hospital for Children, Indianapolis.
PMID