Medline ® Abstract for Reference 122
of 'Chronic functional constipation and fecal incontinence in infants and children: Treatment'
Contemporary short- and long-term outcomes in patients with unremitting constipation and fecal incontinence treated with an antegrade continence enema.
Dolejs SC, Smith JK Jr, Sheplock J, Croffie JM, Rescorla FJ
J Pediatr Surg. 2017;52(1):79. Epub 2016 Oct 27.
PURPOSE: The primary aim of this study is to determine the natural history of patients who undergo an antegrade continence enema (ACE) procedure including complications, functional results, and long-term outcomes.
METHODS: Patients aged 3-18years who underwent an ACE procedure from 2008 to 2015 for unremitting constipation and fecal incontinence with at least thirty day follow-up were included. Patients with congenital anatomic disorders of the spine, rectum, and anus were excluded.
RESULTS: A total of 93 patients were included in the analysis with an average age of 10+/-4years and follow-up of 26+/-41months. The ACE procedure was rapidly effective, with 99% of patients experiencing improvement at 1month. At the end of follow-up, 83% of patients had normal bowel function, and 95% of patients noted improvement. Amongst patients with at least 24months of follow-up (n=51), 43% successfully stopped using their ACE at an average of 40+/-27months. Overall morbidity was 55%, mostly related to minor complications. However, 13% of patients required an additional operation.
CONCLUSION: The ACE procedure is very successful in the treatment of unremitting constipation with fecal incontinence in appropriately selected patients.
LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level IV.
Indiana University School of Medicine, Division of Pediatric Surgery.