Medline ® Abstract for Reference 41
of 'Cholangioscopy and pancreatoscopy'
ERCP with per-oral pancreatoscopy-guided laser lithotripsy for calcific chronic pancreatitis: a multicenter U.S. experience.
Attwell AR, Patel S, Kahaleh M, Raijman IL, Yen R, Shah RJ
Gastrointest Endosc. 2015;82(2):311. Epub 2015 Apr 1.
BACKGROUND: In patients with chronic pancreatitis, laser lithotripsy (LL) permits stone fragmentation and removal during ERCP with some advantages over extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy (ESWL) and surgery.
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the technical success of LL in pancreatic duct (PD) stones.
DESIGN: Retrospective cohort.
SETTING: Four tertiary referral centers.
PATIENTS: Patients undergoing endotherapy for PD stones.
INTERVENTIONS: ERCP with per-oral pancreatoscopy (POP)-guided LL.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENT: Technical success was defined as complete stone clearance.
RESULTS: Over 3 years, 28 patients (16 men, 51 years [mean age]) underwent a median of 1 (range, 1-4) POP-LL for PD stones. Baseline parameters included pain requiring hospitalization (n=19, 68%), opiate use (n=14, 50%), or weight loss (n=11, 39%). Before POP-LL, 22 of 28 patients (79%) had a median of 1 (range, 1-5) ERCP, 9 of 28 (32%) underwent a median of 2 (range, 1-3) ESWL sessions, and 5 underwent a median of 1 (range, 1-3) POP-guided electrohydraulic lithotripsy with failed (n=2) or partial (n=3) fragmentation. A median of 2 (range, 1-3) stones sized 15 mm (range, 4-32 mm) were identified in the head (n=9, 32%), neck (n=3, 11%), body (n=9, 32%), tail (n=1, 4%), or multiple sites (n=6, 21%). Technical success occurred in 22 patients (79%) with complete clearance. Partial clearance occurred in 3 (11%). Clinical success at a median of 13 (range, 1-25) months of follow-up was noted in 25 of 28 patients (89%) by improvement in pain (n=25), decreased narcotic use (n=25), or reduced hospitalizations (n=19). Mild adverse events occurred in 8 of 28 (29%).
CONCLUSIONS: POP-LL is feasible at expert centers in patients with accessible stones. Although intensive endotherapy is required, most patients achieve stone clearance and clinical improvement.
Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado, USA.