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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 55

of 'Chemotherapy in castration-resistant prostate cancer'

Ixabepilone (epothilone B analogue BMS-247550) is active in chemotherapy-naive patients with hormone-refractory prostate cancer: a Southwest Oncology Group trial S0111.
Hussain M, Tangen CM, Lara PN Jr, Vaishampayan UN, Petrylak DP, Colevas AD, Sakr WA, Crawford ED, Southwest Oncology Group
J Clin Oncol. 2005;23(34):8724.
PURPOSE: The epothilones are a new class of tubulin-polymerizing agents with activity in taxane-sensitive and resistant tumor models. We evaluated ixabepilone (BMS-247550) in patients with metastatic hormone-refractory prostate cancer (HRPC).
METHODS: Eligible patients had chemotherapy-naive metastatic HRPC, a Zubrod performance status of 0 to 2, and adequate organ function. All patients received BMS-247550 at 40 mg/m2 over 3 hours every 3 weeks. The primary end point was proportion of patients achieving a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) response.
RESULTS: Forty-eight patients with metastatic HRPC were registered. Forty-two patients were eligible, with a median age of 73 years and a median PSA level of 111 ng/mL; 78% had bone-only or bone and soft tissue metastases, and 88% had objective radiologic disease progression at registration. Grade 3 and 4 adverse events (AEs) occurred in 16 and three patients, respectively. All grade 4 toxicities were neutropenia or leukopenia. The most frequent grade 3 AEs were neuropathy (eight patients), hematologic toxicity (seven patients), flu-like symptoms, and infection (five patients each). There were no grade 3/4 thrombocytopenia or grade 5 AEs. There were 14 confirmed PSA responses (33%; 95% CI, 20% to 50%); 72% of PSA responders had declines greater than 80%, and two patients achieved an undetectable PSA. The estimated median progression-free survival is 6 months (95% CI, 4 to 8 months), and the median survival is 18 months (95% CI, 13 to 24 months).
CONCLUSION: Ixabepilone has demonstrated activity in patients with chemotherapy-naive metastatic HRPC. Major toxicities were neutropenia and neuropathy. Further testing to define its activity relative to standard therapy is warranted.
University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center, Ann Arbor, USA. mahahuss@med.umich.edu