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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 207

of 'Chemotherapy hepatotoxicity and dose modification in patients with liver disease'

A phase II trial of PEG-L-asparaginase in the treatment of non-Hodgkins lymphoma.
Muss HB, Spell N, Scudiery D, Capizzi RL, Cooper MR, Cruz J, Jackson DV, Richards F 2nd, Spurr CL, White DR
Invest New Drugs. 1990;8(1):125.
A polyethylene glycol conjugate of L-asparaginase (PEGLA) was administered to 21 patients with refractory non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. The dose given was 2,000 mu/m2 intramuscularly every 2 weeks. Eligibility required at least one prior trial of chemotherapy and ambulatory performance status. At entry, all patients had measurable lesions and documented disease progression. The median age of the patients was 61 years; 18 (86%) were ambulatory with minimal symptoms, 12 patients (57%) had 3 or more prior regimens, and 13 (62%) had stage IV disease. Histologic subtype was low grade in 11 patients (52%), intermediate in 7 (33%), high grade in 2 (10%) and unclassifiable in one (5%). There were two partial responses (11%) noted (95% confidence interval of response of 1-30%). Eleven patients (52%) were removed from study due to disease progression. Nine patients (43%), required removal for toxicity (7 for protracted nausea and vomiting and 2 for confusion). One patient died of sepsis while on study but this was not considered drug related. Almost one third of patients complained of fatigue or loss of appetite. Nausea and vomiting occurred in approximately half the patients and was moderate to severe in 9. Diarrhea and abdominal pain were also noted in one-third of those treated. Changes in the partial thromboplastin time and fibrinogen were noted in most patients but resulted in no bleeding complications. In this trial, PEGLA displayed modest activity in a heterogenous group of patients with progressive non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
Cancer Center of Wake Forest University, Bowman Gray School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina.