Medline ® Abstract for Reference 174
of 'Chemotherapy hepatotoxicity and dose modification in patients with liver disease'
Hepatic metabolism of paclitaxel and its impact in patients with altered hepatic function.
Panday VR, Huizing MT, Willemse PH, De Graeff A, ten Bokkel Huinink WW, Vermorken JB, Beijnen JH
Semin Oncol. 1997;24(4 Suppl 11):S11.
Paclitaxel (Taxol; Bristol-Myers Squibb Company, Princeton, NJ) has been demonstrated to be an active anticancer agent, including in platinum-refractory ovarian cancer. The pharmacokinetics of paclitaxel have been extensively described. It displays nonlinear pharmacokinetics in humans, especially when administered in shorter infusion times and at higher doses. Several relationships have been established between pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics. In both animal and human studies, hepatic metabolism and biliary excretion have been identified as the main elimination pathways of paclitaxel. It thus can be expected that hepatic dysfunction will have a major impact on the pharmacokinetics of paclitaxel and its main metabolite 6alpha-hydroxypaclitaxel and, thus, on pharmacodynamic outcome (toxicities and responses). Because patients with an altered hepatic function were excluded from most phase I and II studies conducted thus far, little is known about the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics in this group of patients. This report summarizes paclitaxel's metabolism and clinical observations concerning its pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics in patients with altered hepatic function. It has been shown that hepatic impairment has a great influence on the systemic exposure of paclitaxel and metabolites with pharmacodynamic consequences. A decrease of biliary elimination is probably the major mechanistic effect that influences paclitaxel metabolism and elimination. Specific dosing guidelines in the treatment of patients with altered hepatic function are required.
Division of Medical Oncology, Antoni van Leeuwenhoek Hospital/The Netherlands Cancer Institute, Amsterdam.