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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 134

of 'Chemotherapy hepatotoxicity and dose modification in patients with liver disease'

Mitoxantrone use in breast cancer patients with elevated bilirubin.
Chlebowski RT, Bulcavage L, Henderson IC, Woodcock T, Rivest R, Elashoff R
Breast Cancer Res Treat. 1989;14(3):267.
To determine the safety and efficacy of mitoxantrone use in hyperbilirubinemic breast cancer patients, a prospectively determined dosage schedule was evaluated in a multi-center trial. Pretreatment bilirubin prospectively defined three groups: Controls (with normal bilirubin) and two Study groups (with either moderate or severe bilirubin increase). Bilirubin determined initial mitoxantrone dose as well: bilirubin less than 3.5 mg/dl, 14 mg/m2; and bilirubin greater than or equal to 3.5 mg/dl, 8 mg/m2. Mitoxantrone at 14 mg/m2 was well tolerated in patients with moderate hepatic dysfunction. Patients with severe hepatic dysfunction demonstrated a mixed toxicity picture, with performance status (ECOG level 3) defining a population with limiting myelosuppression and/or early death. The survival of Study patients with severe hepatic dysfunction (median 17 days) was significantly worse than both Control (p less than 0.01) and Study (p less than 0.05) patients with lower bilirubin. Entry performance status (ECOG level 0-2 versus level 3) profoundly influenced survival (median survival 222 days versus 25 days, respectively, p less than 0.0001). Objective responses were seen in patients with both normal and elevated bilirubin. Bilirubin reduction following mitoxantrone commonly occurred, representing at least an indicator of favorable prognosis. Recommendations for mitoxantrone use include: 1. Patients with moderate bilirubinemiatolerate 14 mg/m2 mitoxantrone with reasonable chance for benefit. 2. Patients with severe hepatic dysfunction and poor performance status should not be given mitoxantrone. A definitive recommendation regarding use of reduced 8 mg/m2 mitoxantrone in patients with severe hyperbilirubinemia and favorable performance status requires further study.
UCLA School of Medicine, Department of Medicine, Torrance 90509.