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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 32

of 'Chemotherapy for advanced exocrine pancreatic cancer'

32
TI
Progression-free survival as surrogate endpoint in advanced pancreatic cancer: meta-analysis of 30 randomized first-line trials.
AU
Petrelli F, Coinu A, Borgonovo K, Cabiddu M, Barni S
SO
Hepatobiliary Pancreat Dis Int. 2015;14(2):124.
 
BACKGROUND: Progression-free survival (PFS) has not been extensively investigated as a surrogate for survival in the first-line treatments of pancreatic cancer. The aim of this review was to evaluate PFS as a potential surrogate endpoint for overall survival (OS) in advanced pancreatic cancer in trials comparing poly-chemotherapy to gemcitabine alone.
DATA SOURCES: A systematic literature search in PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials was conducted. The key words included randomized trial, first-line chemotherapy, pancreatic cancer, gemcitabine and poly-chemotherapy. Adjusted weighted linear regression was used to calculate RS (Spearman's rank-order correlation coefficient) between PFS and post-progression survival (PPS) with OS (RS) and between treatment effects on PFS and OS (RHR).
RESULTS: A total of 30 trials including 8467 patients met the inclusion criteria. Correlation between the treatment effects on PFS and OS (RHR=0.78) and between the endpoint PFS and OS was high across all studies (RS=0.75). The slope of the regression line was 0.76+/-0.26, indicating that an agent producing a 10% risk reduction for PFS will provide a 7.6%+/-2.6% risk reduction for OS. Correlation between PPS and OS was very strong (RS=0.71) and accounted for more than 50% of the whole OS variability (R2=0.57).
CONCLUSION: Because of the robust correlation with OS and the potential influence of PPS caused by the second line therapies, it may be justified to consider PFS as a surrogate endpoint in trials evaluating new cytotoxic agents when gemcitabine is the control arm.
AD
Medical Oncology Unit, Oncology Department, Azienda Ospedaliera Treviglio, Piazzale Ospedale 1, 24047 Treviglio (BG), Italy. faupe@libero.it.
PMID