Medline ® Abstract for Reference 161
of 'Cellular and molecular biology of chronic myeloid leukemia'
Interferon-alpha restores normal beta 1 integrin-mediated inhibition of hematopoietic progenitor proliferation by the marrow microenvironment in chronic myelogenous leukemia.
Bhatia R, McCarthy JB, Verfaillie CM
Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) progenitors show decreased adhesion to stroma and fibronectin (FN) through beta 1 integrin receptors. We have previously shown that interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha) restores beta 1 integrin-mediated adhesion of CML progenitors to stroma. Because beta1 integrins transmit proliferation inhibitory signals from the microenvironment to normal hematopoietic progenitors, we hypothesized that decreased integrin-mediated adhesion of CML progenitors contributes to their continuous proliferation when in contact with stroma and that IFN-alpha treatment, by restoring integrin-mediated adhesion, also restores integrin-mediated microenvironmental inhibition of CML progenitor proliferation. We show here that, in contrast to normal colony-forming cells (CFC), the percentage of malignant CML CFC in S-phase was not significantly reduced following coculture with stromal layers. However, IFN-alpha treatment resulted in a significant reduction in the proliferation of CML CFC on coculture with stroma. This effect was not because of a direct antiproliferative effect of IFN-alpha on CML CFC because the proliferation of IFN-alpha treated CML CFC kept in suspension culture was not reduced. We examined the role of restored signaling through beta 1 integrin receptors in IFN-alpha induced inhibition of CML progenitors in two sets of experiment. In the first set of experiments, we demonstrated that proliferation of IFN-alpha-treated CML CFC, but not untreated CML CFC, was significantly reduced following coculture with 33/66-kD and 75-kD FN fragments, recognized by alpha 4 beta 1 and alpha 5 beta 1 integrins respectively. In a second set of experiments, we demonstrate that direct stimulation of integrin receptors by crosslinking with blocking antibodies to alpha 4, alpha 5, and beta 1 integrins and secondary goat antimouse antibodies resulted in significant reduction in proliferation of normal and IFN-alpha treated CML progenitors but not untreated CML CFC. These studies indicate that CML hematopoietic progenitors are unresponsive to beta 1-integrin mediated proliferation inhibition and that IFN-alpha not only restores beta 1 integrin-mediated adhesion but also beta1-mediated microenvironmental inhibition of CML progenitor proliferation. These observations may explain, at least in part, the therapeutic efficacy of IFN-alpha in CML.
Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, USA.