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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 151

of 'Cellular and molecular biology of chronic myeloid leukemia'

BCR/ABL-induced leukemogenesis causes phosphorylation of Hef1 and its association with Crkl.
de Jong R, van Wijk A, Haataja L, Heisterkamp N, Groffen J
J Biol Chem. 1997;272(51):32649.
BCR/ABL is considered responsible for the development of Philadelphia chromosome-positive leukemia. Experimental animal models, such as transgenic mice, have demonstrated unambiguously that Bcr/Abl is capable of inducing leukemogenesis. The adaptor molecule Crkl is a major in vivo substrate of the deregulated Bcr/Abl tyrosine kinase and functions as a molecular link with other signaling proteins. While associated in vivo with Bcr/Abl through its SH3 domain, Crkl can interact simultaneously via its SH2 domain with other tyrosine-phosphorylated proteins. Here we report the identification of prominently tyrosine-phosphorylated proteins with a molecular mass of approximately 110 kDa, which bind specifically to the Crkl SH2 domain in leukemic tissues of P190BCR/ABL transgenic mice. We demonstrate that these proteins are identical to Hef1/Cas-L, which is related to p130(Cas). The proto-oncoprotein p120(Cbl) and Hef1, but not p130(Cas), were detectably phosphorylated on tyrosine in P190Bcr/Abl-expressing leukemic cells and were found in complex with Crkl, showing the existence of protein complexes in P190Bcr/Abl leukemic cells, consisting of P190Bcr/Abl, Crkl, and Hef1 or p120(Cbl). This supports a model in which Crkl acts as mediator between Bcr/Abl and downstream effectors. Since Hef1 is involved in the beta1-integrin signaling pathway, our study demonstratesthat Bcr/Abl could specifically interfere with normal beta1-integrin signaling.
Section of Molecular Carcinogenesis, Department of Pathology, Childrens Hospital of Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90027, USA.