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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 139

of 'Cellular and molecular biology of chronic myeloid leukemia'

The BCR-ABL tyrosine kinase inhibits apoptosis by activating a Ras-dependent signaling pathway.
Cortez D, Stoica G, Pierce JH, Pendergast AM
Oncogene. 1996;13(12):2589.
BCR-ABL is a deregulated tyrosine kinase that is expressed in Philadelphia chromosome (Ph1) positive human leukemias. When expressed in hematopoietic cells, BCR-ABL causes cytokine independent proliferation, induces tumorigenic growth and prevents apoptosis in response to cytokine deprivation or DNA damage. One mechanism by which BCR-ABL signals in cells is by activating the small guanine nucleotide binding protein Ras. BCR-ABL-transformed cells have constitutively high levels of active, GTP-bound Ras. Here we use 32D cells that inducibly express a dominant negative Ras protein to define the Ras requirements in BCR-ABL-transformed cells. Dominant negative Ras inhibits BCR-ABL-mediated Ras activation, and induces cell death by an apoptotic mechanism. Therefore, BCR-ABL inhibits apoptosis through activation of a Ras-dependent signaling pathway.
Department of Molecular Cancer Biology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA.