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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 127

of 'Cellular and molecular biology of chronic myeloid leukemia'

Autocrine production and action of IL-3 and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor in chronic myeloid leukemia.
Jiang X, Lopez A, Holyoake T, Eaves A, Eaves C
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1999;96(22):12804.
Primitive subsets of leukemic cells isolated by using fluorescence-activated cell sorting from patients with newly diagnosed Ph(+)/BCR-ABL(+) chronic myeloid leukemia display an abnormal ability to proliferate in vitro in the absence of added growth factors. We now show from analyses of growth-factor gene expression, protein production, and antibody inhibition studies that this deregulated growth can be explained, at least in part, by a novel differentiation-controlled autocrine mechanism. This mechanism involves the consistent and selective activation of IL-3 and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) production and a stimulation of STAT5 phosphorylation in CD34(+) leukemic cells. When these cells differentiate into CD34(-) cells in vivo, IL-3 and G-CSF production declines, and the cells concomitantly lose their capacity for autonomous growth in vitro despite their continued expression of BCR-ABL. Based on previous studies of normal cells, excessive exposure of the most primitive chronic myeloid leukemia cells to IL-3 and G-CSF through an autocrine mechanism could explain their paradoxically decreased self-renewal in vitro and slow accumulation in vivo, in spite of an increased cycling activity and selective expansion of later compartments.
The Terry Fox Laboratory, British Columbia Cancer Agency, Vancouver, BC Canada V5Z 1L3.